新概念英语自学导读:第一册 Lesson73-74

2019-12-02 14:56:05

课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.She does not know London very well. 她对伦敦不很熟悉。

know…well这一短语意为“对……了解”。又如:

I don't know him very well. 我不太了解他。

2.…, and she lost her way. ……因此她迷路了。

句中的 and当“所以”讲,表示结果。 lose one's way, 迷路。

3.ask(sb.) the way, (向某人)问路。

4.say to oneself, 心中暗想。

注意:talk to oneself意为“自言自语地说”。

5.Can you tell me the way to King Street, please? 您能告诉我到国王街怎么走吗?

tell sb. the way(to), 告诉某人(去……的)路。

6.cut himself= cut his face。

以整体代替部分是英语中的一种修辞格,叫提喻(merism /'merim/)。

语法 Grammar in use

1.副词

副词(adverb)这个词的本意是补充动词的意义。这就是许多副词的作用。它们可以通过修饰动词告诉我们有关句中某个动作的情况,也就是告诉我们某事是如何、何时、何地等发生或进行的。

副词可以是单个的词(如 slowly)或词组(如 very well)。单一副词既有以-ly结尾的也有不以-ly结尾的(如 quickly, fast)。

形容词向副词的转换一般遵循3个规则:

(1)在形容词后面直接加-ly,如:

quick----quickly
hurried----hurriedly
pleasant----pleasantly
warm----warmly

(2)以-y结尾的形容词,则把-y改成-i,再加-ly,如:

thirsty----thirstily
happy----happily

(3)形容词与副词形式相同:

late----late
fast----fast
hard----hard
well----well

2.部分不规则动词的过去式形式

go----went
see----saw
understand----understood
take----took
read----read /red/
drink----drank
run----ran
know----knew
say----said
put----put
cut----cut
eat----ate
meet----met
come----came
lose----lost
tell----told
speak----spoke
find----found
give----gave
swim----swam
have----had

词汇学习 Word study

1.lose v.

(1)迷失;(使)迷路:

She did not know London very well, and she lost her way. 她对伦敦不很熟悉,因此迷了路。

It's very easy to lose your way in a strange city. 在一个陌生的城市里,你很容易迷路。

(2)失去;丧失:

He lost his sight in a car accident. 他在一起汽车交通事故中失明了。

She has just lost her job because of carelessness. 她刚刚因疏忽大意而丢了工作。

(3)遗失;丢失:

I can't enter my house because I've lost my key on my way home. 我进不了自己的房子,因为在回家的路上我把钥匙丢了。

We lost her in the crowd. 我们在人群中找不见她了。

2.understand v.

(1)理解;懂:

He doesn't understand English and you can try French. 他不懂英语,你可以试试法语。

I don't understand what you mean. 我不明白你的意思。

(2)明了;了解;得知:

How the machine works is still not fully understood. 这台机器到底是如何运转的仍未被完全弄清楚。

Only today have I begun to understand the political situation in Northern Ireland. 直到今天我才了解了北爱尔兰的政治局势。

练习答案 Key to written exercises

Lesson 74

A

1 He read the phrase slowly.

2 He worked lazily.

3 He cut himself badly.

4 He worked carefully.

5 The door opened suddenly.

B

(sample sentences)

1 He does not know me very well.

2 She worked very hard.

3 She smiled pleasantly.

4 The bus went hurriedly.

5 He shaved slowly.

6 She drank a glass of water thirstily.

7 He greeted me warmly.

8 We enjoyed ourselves very much.